The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) turns 50 years old in 2013.
The continental body was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with 33 members.
The objectives of the OAU were to:
a) To promote the unity and solidarity of the African States;
b) To coordinate and intensify their cooperation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa;
c) To defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity and independence;
d) To eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa; and
e) To promote international cooperation, having due regard to the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The OAU was succeeded by the African Union (AU) in 2002.